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7. Computational Couture


This week I was learning how to use Grasshopper for Rhino to create parametric patterns and 3D printing those as an object or on fabric.

Baked and Rendered Design in Rhino

3D printed Design on PVC

Mask Design from Tutorial


Parametric Design

Parametric design is a process based on algorithmic thinking that enables the expression of parameters and rules that, together, define, encode and clarify the relationship between design intent and design response. Parametric design is a paradigm in design where the relationship between elements is used to manipulate and inform the design of complex geometries and structures. (source: wikipedia)

Parametric Design (credits: Patrick Schumacher)


Surface Pattern Generator on Grasshopper

Parametric Design Inspiration by Nature

VORONOI - Natural Structures

Patterns by Nature

Voronoi - Natural Structures

Mushroom Voronoi

Stephen Axford is a photographer, who has an international reputation as a specialist in nature photographer with a particular passion in macro fungi photography. In these photos you can see the stunning patterns found in nature. Source:

This Site also has some free Design Tutorials: Grasshopper Tutorials


Creating Patterns with Vibration and Sound

Japanese performance artist Kenichi Kanazawa in Kyoto, Japan, via vibration frequencies fluctuation turns colored sand into an interactive work on a special table. Kanazawa uses a simple rubber mallet and a scientific “sound-visualizing process” called Cymatics to create the detailed patterns.


Patterns from Universe

Gravitational Wave parmetric Design

Gravitational waves are disturbances in the curvature of spacetime, generated by accelerated masses, that propagate as waves outward from their source at the speed of light. Gravitational-wave astronomy is a branch of observational astronomy that uses gravitational waves to collect observational data about sources of detectable gravitational waves such as binary star systems composed of white dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes; and events such as supernovae, and the formation of the early universe shortly after the Big Bang. (source: wikipedia)

Gravitational Wave

LIGO-Gravitational Wave Detector

The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) is a large-scale physics experiment and observatory to detect cosmic gravitational waves and to develop gravitational-wave observations as an astronomical tool. Two large observatories were built in the United States with the aim of detecting gravitational waves by laser interferometry. These observatories use mirrors spaced four kilometers apart which are capable of detecting a change of less than one ten-thousandth the charge diameter of a proton. (source: wikipedia)

Design Process

Grasshopper Construction

Process of Constructing the Design in Grasshopper and Baking into Rhino

Grasshopper Code using Merch Field Component

This is the Tutorial I used to create my own Merched Field Pattern adjusting it to the size of my Printer

Changes in Rhino and Exporting to 3D Print

Mask Tutorial

__Steps of Constructing my own Mask Design following the 2nd tutorial

3D Printing

I am using the Anycubic i3 Mega Pro and I print on a magnetic mat

3D Print Filament

Fila Flex

  • [How to print Filaflex] (
  • [Settings for Filaflex] (
  • [Recreus Filaflex settings Files] (
  • [Extruder Hack for Printing Flex] (

3D Printing Extruders

Test Print

File from Thingyverse

Settings 3D Print in Cura

without fabric and stretched mesh

Filament: PLA

settings I changed:

Innitial Layer: 0,2mm

Temperature: 220°C

Heat Bed: 70°C

Build Plate Adhesion: None

Useful Links: Forum Old: New: Resources Video tutorials: Grasshopper Primer: Firefly experiments: Rhino API: Kangaroo: Blogs Math art blog: SSS: Gen Landscapes.

Grasshopper Tutorials

Simulate Water Flow Parametric Design - PDF Tutorial - Hoop Snake Component

Last update: June 30, 2021