9. Textile Scaffold¶
Week 09 - a new week has as stressful as the previous ones.
... but, already, in a usual way I looked for a quote of the week and let myself be guided by it.
”What you do today can improve all your tomorrows”. Ralph Marston
Research & References & Inspiration¶
Typically I started with watching the tutorial Fabricademy Weekly Lectures 2022-23 Week 9 Textile Scaffold.
It took me quite a while to understand the notion of Textile scaffolding, perhaps fatigue has its say. To make this clear, I looked for additional information on the Internet Textile Scaffolds: A New Development In Tissue Engineering.: ”A tissue scaffold is a highly porous, artificial cellular matrix. Because of their inherent properties, textiles have a major role to play in making this scaffold. A scaffold can be broadly categorised into three groups based on the processing methods: foams, 3D printed substrates and textile structures. Textile structures form an important class of porous scaffolds used in tissue engineering.”
Process and workflow¶
I set out to experiment with two of the methods presented in the course: Wood+Textile and Canadian Smoking.
Method 1 - Wood+Textile¶
For this method I have followed exactly the recommendations and steps presented this week.
* veneer wood 0,6 mm thick * fabric * white glue * CNC Laser cutter * AutoCad software
Step 1 - drawing pattern¶
My first step was too drawing a model. The model I drew in the Autocad program. From various triangles, I created the initial drawing module, after which using commands like mirror and copying I obtained this model.
The file that created in Autocad I saved in pdf format.
Step 2 - preparing the Lasercut¶
With the file saved in pdf format, I went to the FabLab laboratory for laser cutting. Experimenting with laser cutting in the past weeks, I was sure that I would get the necessary result from the first attempt. But, surprise!!! This time I had to cut a very fragile material, it was necessary to experiment, helped by the FabLab instructor, until I obtained the satisfactory result.
The recommendation of the local instructor, Nuria Robles, was to first glue the wood to the fabric and then cut the pattern to the laser. But the laser machine I cut doesn't allow it to be set with such precision. So, I continued experimenting until we got a good result.
In the following image we can see a capture of a failed attempt because the distance between the pieces was too small.
Step 3 - Lasercut¶
After reaching the desired dimensions, I set the required values for laser cutting and started the laser cutting process. The set values, the cutting process and the result obtained at this stage are shown in the pictures and videos that follow.
Step 4 - making the pattern on the material¶
To make it easier to find the place of the figures on the fabric, I printed the pattern on a sheet that I put under the piece of fabric. After, I found the place of the figures on the piece of fabric making sure that I had all the necessary pieces intact. I could not save all the parts, so I filled in only part of the originally proposed model.
I brush one side of the wood with the wood glue and put it on the fabric.
After the process of gluing the parts, I put the pattern under the weights and leave to dry.
Results - method 1¶
Method 2 - Canadian Smocking¶
Canadian smocking are a type of fabric manipulation or hand stitching technique, also called North American smocks.
The craftsman make stitches on certain places of the fabric, to gather the fabric together, thus creating a 3D pattern.
What seems to me interesting about Canadian Smocks is that they create a lot of volume; the fabric doesn’t stay flat and 2D, it become three dimensional.
It is a technique of medium complexity, but it takes a lot of time to achieve.
Some images for inspiration are shown in the following picture.
* fabric - denim * needle and thread * pencil * scissors * cement * white glue * water * CNC Laser cutter * cardboard * AutoCad software * forms
Step 1 - Drawing of sewing schemes¶
The pattern can be drawn either on paper or directly on the fabric.
I chose to make the templates for drawing the pattern for the beginning. In this way they can repeat these patterns more quickly in the future. The paper templates I have made, I will also use in the realization of this technique with my students in the future.
I drew the schemes and made the templates for sewing my patterns.
Schemes and templates was drew by me in AutoCad sofware.
The document with the drawn templates was saved in .pdf format.
Step 2 - Preparing templates for sewing patterns¶
The templates for sewing was cut with a laser. The process and settings are shown in the following pictures and video.
Step 3 - Sewing patterns¶
At this stage, I have prepared the necessary materials. As a basis, I used pieces of denim obtained from a pair of old trousers. Using the templates made, I marked the sewing points on the fabric. Respecting the sewing schemes, I sew the patterns. For the first pattern the diagonal lines should be tied together two by two. For the second pattern the adjacent corners and diagonals will be tied together.
Drawing the lines went quickly with the help of the template.
I sewed the patterns according to the sewing sequence in the following picture (as marked arrows).
Step 4 - Starching of made models¶
* cement 200 gr * white glue 100 ml * water 100 ml Mix the ingredients together. In the obtained mixture, lay out the sewn patterns. Sewn models are put to dry on a flat surface or on a shape, depending on the design.
Some pictures of the starching process, below.
I used a bottle for the 3D mold.
For repeting the experiment, I made 3D molds in the free Tinkercad app. For learning how to use this online platform, I was guided by this tutorial TinkerCAD tutorial- molds.
In the following video you can see how I quickly got the molds of the required sizes.
... and 360 view of my molds.
Results - method 2¶